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Latest Articles

Js Injections and some sql

Arrow Image a little tut about javascript injection and a little sql



I had this txt lost on some folders with lots of useless stuff but this one is nice and i wanted to share =)

[Packetstorm editor's note: "hictor" previously claimed this work as his/hers. This appears to be a false claim, based on a person from triviasecurity.org claiming this work as their own, and based on searching for this work on Google and finding references to Dr_aMado. Of course, it is always difficult to verify who the true author is, so we hope you will understand any possible mistake]

This tutorial is an overview of how javascript can be used to bypass
simple/advanced html forms and how it can be used to override cookie/session
authentication.

SIMPLE HTML FORMS

1. Bypassing Required Fields

Surely you have met a webpage that requires you to fill all fields in a
form in order to submit it. It is possible to bypass these types of
restrictions on any webpage. If you take a look at the webpage's source and
follow it down to the form's code, you will notice the onsubmit form
attribute. Hopefully by this time you have experienced the power of
javascript and you know that javascript has control over every single
element in a webpage, including forms.We can use javascript to our advantage
in every page we view for we can modify, delete, or add any element to the
webpage. In this case we wish to clear the form's onsubmit attribute in
order for the form to be submitted successfully.

The onsubmit attribute generally points to a function that checks the form
to have the correct format. A function that does this may look something
like this:

function formSubmit(x)
{
if(x.email.value=="") return false;
return true;
}

...

<form name="spamform" method=post action="process.php" onsubmit="return
formSubmit(this);">
...
</form>

I will not go into great detail about how the formSubmit function works.
You should know that if the (textfield/optionfield/option/..) field is left
blank, the form will not be submitted to process.php. Now comes the moment
of truth, how do we modify the form so that onsubmit returns true everytime?
The way we can access the form with javascript and do this is:

docu<i></i>ment.forms[x].onsubmit="return true;";

or

docu<i></i>ment.spamform.onsubmit="return true;";

Both of these 'queries' will allow you to submit the form free of
restrictions. The secret is how to execute this. I do this using my
browser's Location bar. All you have to do is enter this text into the
location bar and press enter:

javascript:docu<i></i>ment.spamform.onsubmit="return true;";

The above statement will not work because the 'query' will return a value
javascript doesn't know what to do with it so it dumps the returned value on
the screen. We need a way to use this value and escape it from passing on to
javascript. I know the exact way to do this, with alert()!

javascript:alert(docu<i></i>ment.spamform.onsubmit="return true;");

You will see an alertbox with "return true;" instead of dumping this value
out to the webbrowser. Once you have executed this query you will be able to
enter whatever value into whatever field in spamform.



2. Changing Fields' Values

If you have managed to change a form's onsubmit attribute to let you do
whatever the fuck you want, what are the limits? Of course now you know that
you can modify the onsubmit attribute of a form from the location bar, same
goes for any attributes of any object in the page. This is how you can do
it:

javascript:alert(docu<i></i>ment.spamform.fieldname.value="Dr_aMado was here!");

or

javascript:alert(docu<i></i>ment.forms[x].fieldname.value="Dr_aMado was here!");

But of course, you already knew that. Didn't you? You can change the
values of pretty much anything inside a form, including radios, checkboxes,
selects, hidden values, buttons, anything!


SQL INJECTIONS

1. Using Forms to Your Advantage

You probably already know about sql injection, my goal is to explain how
vulnerable forms can be if not handled correctly. When targeting a system,
most times you will start off with 0 code to exploit. The only thing you
have is a constructed webpage to break to pieces and successfully find
vulnerabilities to use to your advantage.

ACQUIRING DATABASE INFORMATION

A very logic way of acquiring system information from a website's database
is by causing errors in the sql queries. These errors can be created
through search forms, dynamic links, or session cookies. Most sql injection
papers explain how dynamic links and text boxes can be used to execute sql
queries but in my opinion, this vulnurability is more common in other input
types (select boxes, hidden fields, checkboxes and radio buttons, and
cookies!).

Mixing data types generally crashes a webpage if it's not well coded. Take
for example a link to "memberinfo.php?o_id=1". If your goal is to crash that
page it would be a good idea to stick in a " or a ' in the o_id variable.
If you're lucky you will get a debug message containing the crippled sql
query. After you have all the information you need and you know what you're
going after you're ready to hack the hell out of every page that you have
access to.

CHANGING FIELDS' VALUES

The first form you think of is the profile page. Most profile pages ignore
a user's intellectuals and don't mask out,for example, select boxes. A way
of exploiting this vulnerability is by injecting a sql query in the value
property of the field.

javascript:alert(docu<i></i>ment.profileform.user_sex.value="gay&*92;',user_pasword=&*92;'HACKED&*92;'
WHERE user_id=1*");

If we assume that the server side sql query looks something like this:

"UPDATE user_data SET
user_password='$user_password',user_email='$user_email',user_sex='$user_sex'
WHERE user_id=$user_id";

Then the final query will look somewhat like this:

"UPDATE user_data SET
user_password='mypassword',user_email='myemail',user_sex='gay',user_password='HACKED'
WHERE
user_id=1 *' WHERE user_id=7382";

* Is a sql comment operator.

2. Bypassing Session Cookies

OVERRIDING BASIC SESSION COOKIE AUTHENTICATION

Most of the time session handling is done with the use of cookies. The
cookies tell the webpage who you are and what you have access to and what
you don't have access to. If the page does not handle session cookies
correctly a hacker might be able to change their identity to that of
another user's. Cookies are stored in "window.docu<i></i>ment.cookie". With
javascript we are able to erase,edit,create cookies for any website. This
task is more complicated than regular types of attacks. I will not go into
great detail about how it's done.

To View the Cookie:
javascript:alert(unescape(docu<i></i>ment.cookie));

To Change Cookie Data:

javascript:alert(window.c=function
a(n,v,nv){c=docu<i></i>ment.cookie;c=c.substring(c.indexOf(n)+n.length,c.length);c=c.substring(1,((c.indexOf(";")>-1)
? c.indexOf(";") :
c.length));nc=unescape(c).replace(v,nv);docu<i></i>ment.cookie=n+"="+escape(nc);return
unescape(docu<i></i>ment.cookie);});alert(c(prompt("cookie
name:",""),prompt("replace this value:",""),prompt("with::","")));

So If You are logged in as "John Doe" in www.ima13370h4x0r.net and your
session cookie reads:

SessionData=a:3:{s:11:"SessionUser";s:5:"75959";s:9:"SessionID";i:70202768;s:9:"LastVisit";i:1078367189;}

The cookie is actually serialized but you should be able to recognize
"75959" as your user_id. Some of the time you will find a website that
stores data (like user_id) in cookies but does not typecast the data. This
is a serious hole in the site's code because any user is able to change
their user_id to any other user or administrator user_id.

Changing the cookie value is easy once you have declared the window.c
function. First change s:5:"75959" to s:x:"ADMINID" where x is the length of
the new value. So if you want to change 75959 to 1. You must change
s:5:"75959" to s:1:"1" :-) Sometimes you will need to change 75959 to "13 or
1=1" in order to bypass any WHERE statements any sql session queries used to
keep you logged in the website.


----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Notes:
In-line javascript statements can be added to your browser's favorites for
easier access to your own functions.
It is possible to declare your own functions for use in extended hacks.
Declare the function as a method of window. "alert(window.newfunction =
function (){...})"
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

i know some parts were already covered on other articles but i didn't want to edit it

Comments

ranmaon May 21 2006 - 00:07:01
Very nice article. Covers many topics
midoon July 20 2007 - 10:19:50
top notch one
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